The Ladies Temperance Clubs Farewell Tour

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Roots of Prohibition

Besides arguing that there was a case for the political advancement of the working class, Henry Solly also had religious and social concerns — and these became stronger. He was a keen teetotaller and was worried about the impact of drinking upon the welfare of families. He was also anxious about social polarization — and saw the need for places where people of different classes could meet. He believed that a more contained or moral version of capitalism offered the best chance of advancement and of harmony between classes.

His religious thinking also caused some controversy.

He wrote a number of religious works, but his book on the doctrine of atonement was particularly seen as challenging fundamental Unitarian beliefs. Indeed, he was seen as heretical in some quarters. As a result he left the ministry. He was an energetic propagandist and was soon raising monies, inviting peers and parliamentarians to become involved as officers, and drawing up a prospectus for the Union , reproduced in the informal education archives. The club was seen as the key environment in which the education of working men could take place. This was explained by Henry Solly in his theory of the inclined plane:.

The chance conversation could lead on to classes. Henry Solly claimed that recreation, temperance and education were like a three-legged stool — remove one and the enterprise would collapse. Healthy relaxation was necessary to social welfare, temperance crucial to averting the worst excesses, and education fundamental to development.

Significantly, later proponents of boys clubs like Charles Russell used a similar threefold device, but substituted religion for temperance e. Russell and Rigby But this same canker which was demoralizing the upper levels of society was liable to disrupt those of the working classes necessarily cast as helots or worse… The garrotting scare in West End streets and a recent bread riot in the East End moved Solly to raise this spectre of insurrection in an address in to the Royal Society of Arts, and his warnings reflect the underlying nervousness among his class at the continuing combustibility of the masses, particularly in the capital.

However, much to his credit, Henry Solly continued to emphasize self-help. Henry Solly had considerable success in recruiting the support of aristocrats and prominent members of the middle class. He was a great propagandist. Unfortunately, he was less successful at involving working class men. Solly was also deeply committed to temperance — and it became clear that this was getting in the way of the participation of many men.

It was only with the greatest reluctance that I contemplated even the possibility of its either being right or wise for members of clubs to be able to get the drinks there which had wrought them so much mischief in the public house, and for several years I combated with all my power the arguments of those who contended for the opposite course. But when I found at last by sad experience that the men whom we specifically wanted to attract from the public house would not come to clubs where they could only get the drinks they did not want, that scarcely any club we could hear of was self-supporting, and had to be shut up when the gentry became tired of paying the annual deficit, that nearly all the clubs we had started had, in consequence, to be closed after two or three years existence; that even if men joined a club where no alcoholic drink were to be had, they continued to go to the pub.

Solly Issues around patronage were not so easily solved. Within the Union and those associated with clubs there was significant resentment of the influence of those from middle class and aristocratic backgrounds — and of their over-representation on councils and committees. After what appears to have been a major row, Henry Solly resigned his secretaryship of the Club and Institute Union in This was not a success and in Solly was back with the CIU as an organizing secretary.

He continued to be interested in questions of poverty and housing and wrote a number of publications on these matters , , Unfortunately, there is no record explaining how these papers came to the Historical Society. From the papers themselves, it was decided that they had to be those of Mary Dobbs, produced and collected during her tenure as corresponding secretary of the WCTU from to The organization also lobbied in favor of a law passed in which required prohibition or temperance teaching in schools.

Members participated in chautauquas in Ottawa, Winfield and Cawker City.

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Henry Solly and the Working Men’s Club and Institute Union

Nation Home , sent field workers to unorganized territories to organize new unions, worked with both prisoners and military men in the state, and concerned itself with issues surrounding tobacco, narcotics and motion pictures. If there were multiple local unions in a county, a county union could be formed. The county union held two meetings a year and reported to the state organization, which held an annual convention.

Before , local and county unions were also organized around the congressional districts of Kansas, but these were disbanded in that year. The state and local organization was organized into departmental work. These departments changed from time to time but they concerned themselves with such issues as child welfare, Sabbath observance, prison reform, social morality, legislation, non-alcoholic fruit products, anti-narcotics, and parliamentary law.

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She was also in charge of the state headquarters. Her father was a farmer and minister as well as a strong prohibitionist. Nation Home for elderly women in Kansas City, Kansas. Dobbs died in The collection encompasses the years , however the bulk of the material covers the s and s. The only materials in the collection before the year Dobbs became corresponding secretary of the KWCTU are the records of the districts that were disbanded in , which Dobbs asked to be sent to her for preservation.

While processing the collection, it was determined that the original order of the correspondence must have been according to subject, with a general file of correspondence concerning routine organizational matters. As much of that original order has been preserved as possible. The collection has been organized into nine series: General Correspondence, Papers concerning the Carry A. Because of the subject arrangement, materials concerning one subject may have a bearing on materials filed elsewhere.

The collection is small enough, however, that this should not be a handicap to the researcher. Another problem concerns the women's tendency to put the carbons of letters sent out on the backs of other carbons, letters or handouts. Photocopies of correspondence have been made where necessary to facilitate cross referencing between letters sent and received.

The Temperance Seven - "My Sweetie Went Away"

The researcher should be alert to information typed, printed, or written on the back of the manuscripts being examined, as not all of that is photocopied and filed elsewhere. There are large gaps in the correspondence and some matters of a more trivial nature such as the search for Frances Willard memorials are well documented while other concerns such as suffrage are hardly documented at all.

Except for the district record books, there are no continuing minutes of meetings or conventions. It includes correspondence about speakers, field workers, meetings and local unions.

The Ladies Temperance Club's Farewell Tour : Jeff Lee :

A few histories of the organization and of temperance work in Kansas appear in the letters. This money would then be used to distribute free literature on the benefits of Prohibition. Although previous inventories of memorials to Willard had been done, another inventory was taken in which Kansas participated. Mary Dobbs appointed Alice K. She searched for memorials to represent the state on a map being prepared through the auspices of the national WCTU which would depict Willard memorials throughout the nation. McFarland conducted the search during March through May of , building on the work of previous surveys.

This series consists of printed material on Frances Willard, school programs and correspondence concerning the centenary of her birth and the search for Willard memorials. The Carrie A. Originally the B. This was to be the first of several Carry Nation homes across the nation. At some point between and , however, the home was abandoned. The records consist of correspondence to and from Mary Dobbs concerning the home from March 5, to January 20, Dobbs was a trustee of the home and these years may represent the time she served as trustee.

The records also include copies of the minutes of meetings which concerned the home, copies of agreements which the women signed before becoming residents and other miscellaneous documents, mainly from the s. Also included in the papers is an annual report of the Wichita Home for the Aged for March , and printed materials which accompanied the manuscripts.

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A manuscript in box 1, folder 6 describes the different superintendents of the home. Four women occupied the position of matron of the home for more than only a few months: Mrs. South was the first superintendent from January 27, to November —a room of the home was furnished in her memory in the s ; Mrs.

Wilkenson was superintendent from Feb. Margaret A. James served from March 2, to April ; and Mrs. Minerva Russell began as superintendent on December 1, and was still serving in , when that manuscript was written. Most of the correspondence is with Mrs. Minerva Russell when it concerns the superintendent of the home.

By Don Marquis

The fourth series consists of correspondence and printed material concerning motion pictures. In order to resolve this issue, they favored a proposed federal regulation of the industry. On the other hand, they recognized the influence of the film media and were anxious to utilize the format to further their own work. The national WCTU produced films, along with other production companies and temperance organizations, which advocated prohibition.

Organizational records which were unbound are in the Organizational Records Unbound series. These were arranged by subject. This correspondence includes letters and pamphlets from the Constitutional Sesquicentennial Commission in Box 3, Folder 6. The original file labels for these papers have been preserved.

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  • The papers are from the s and s. The Miscellaneous Printed Material series consists of printed material which accompanied the manuscripts. Financial Records are in the Financial Records series, which consists of papers in files and bound volumes. The KWCTU was organized at the congressional district level until , when the districts were disbanded and Mary Dobbs asked that these books be sent to her for preservation. The oldest material in the collection is contained in this series.

    Most of the correspondence is dated Included in this folder is a letter dated July 1, from Dobbs to F. Pinet with a manuscript entitled "Early Factors in Kansas Prohibition covering a period from to Our member, retail, and fundraising organization supports and promotes Kansas history through the Kansas Historical Society, a state agency. General Correspondence Series, , Constitution of the Kansas Council of Churches.

    Minutes of Meeting for Organization. Letter written to Dobbs from Clara E.

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    Folder 3 General Correspondence, , Letter dated Sept. Folder 4 General Correspondence, A letter to the Board of Trustees dated June 30, which contains information about the physical condition of the Carry Nation home see CarryA. Nation Home Series. Carry A. Nation Home , , Includes two letters, Sept. Error rating book. Refresh and try again.

    The Ladies Temperance Clubs Farewell Tour The Ladies Temperance Clubs Farewell Tour
    The Ladies Temperance Clubs Farewell Tour The Ladies Temperance Clubs Farewell Tour
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    The Ladies Temperance Clubs Farewell Tour The Ladies Temperance Clubs Farewell Tour
    The Ladies Temperance Clubs Farewell Tour The Ladies Temperance Clubs Farewell Tour
    The Ladies Temperance Clubs Farewell Tour The Ladies Temperance Clubs Farewell Tour
    The Ladies Temperance Clubs Farewell Tour The Ladies Temperance Clubs Farewell Tour
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